Top 7 Cocoa producing countries 

by global production volume

Click on the cocoa cultivating countries on the map for more information about each country.

Côte d'Ivoire

Côte d'Ivoire is the largest cocoa producer. More than 40% of the cocoa produced worldwide comes from the West African country. In 2015/16 this was 1.58 million tonnes of cocoa. Cocoa accounts for about 55% of exports from Côte d'Ivoire. With a share of around 15% of GDP, cocoa is one of the most important economic sectors in the country.

For Germany, Côte d'Ivoire is the most important importing country for cocoa. 50% of the demand for raw cocoa is covered from there.

 

 

Production volume: 1,580,700 t
Share of global production: 39.6%
Certified production: 661,876 t
Net export volume: 1,532,270 t
Productivity: 435 kg/ha
Number of farmers: 800,000 - 1.3 million households

Figures based on harvest year 01.10.2015 to 30.09.2016.

 

 

Ghana

Ghana is the second largest producer of cocoa in the world. The West African country covers about 20% of the world's cocoa production. Around 15% of the cocoa processed in Germany comes from Ghana.

Production volume: 778,000 t
Share of global production: 19.5%
Certified production: 181,365 t
Net export volume: 777,900 t
Productivity: 400 kg/ha
Number of farmers: 800.000

Figures for harvest year 01.10.2015 to 30.09.2016.

 

 

Indonesia

Indonesia accounts for about 8% of global cocoa production. Unlike other countries, Indonesia exports cocoa mainly in the form of cocoa butter (119,066 tonnes), powder and cocoa cake (139,611 tonnes). Cocoa from Indonesia is not represented on the German market.

 

 

Production volume: 320,000 t
Share of global production: 8%
Certified production: 58,018 t
Net export volume: 296,662 t
Productivity: 200 - 800 kg/ha
Number of farmers: 0.8 - 1.7 million

Figures based on harvest year 01.10.2015 to 30.09.2016.

 

 

Ecuador

With a share of about 6%, Ecuador is the fourth largest cocoa producer in the world. For Germany, the country is the fourth largest supplier of cocoa.

Production volume: 232,000 t
Share of global production: 5.8%
Certified production: 59,626 t
Net export volume: 234,460 t
Productivity: 500 kg/ha
Number of farmers: 1 million

Figures for harvest year 01.10.2015 to 30.09.2016.

 

 

Cameroon

Cameroon ranks fifth worldwide with its production volume of cocoa. For Germany, the import of cocoa from Cameroon plays only a minor role.

 

 

Production volume: 211,000 t
Share of global production: 5.3%
Certified production: 35,526 t
Net export volume: 206,880 t
Productivity: 300 - 400 kg/ha
Number of farmers: 400,000 - 600,000 families

Figures for harvest year 01.10.2015 to 30.09.2016.

 

 

Nigeria

Nigeria is the sixth largest cocoa producer in the world. Exports to Germany rose sharply in 2016 and now cover 17% of the demand for raw cocoa. The country is thus replacing Ghana as the second most important supplier of cocoa to Germany.

 

 

Production volume: 200,000 t
Proportion of global production: 5%
Certified production: 72,955 t
Net export volume: 195,980 t
Productivity: < 300 kg/ha
Number of farmers: 300,000

Figures based on harvest year 01.10.2015 to 30.09.2016.

Peru

With a share of 2.6% of global production, Peru does not necessarily stand out due to the quantity of cocoa produced, but due to its quality. For Germany, the country is one of the five most important suppliers of cocoa.

 

 

Production volume: 104,700 t
Share of global production: 2.6%
Certified production: 47,871 t
Net export volume: 73,900 t
Productivity: 300 - 500 kg/ha
Number of farmers: 45,000

Figures for harvest year 01.10.2015 to 30.09.2016.

Bibliography

The information on certified production refers to the most widespread sustainability certification in the cocoa sector (UTZ Certified).